Fuziunea la rece, din nou

Nu am cum să știu adevărul (o paranteză banală: wikipedia spumegă, cum era de așteptat), poate avem de a face cu o (auto)păcăleală, poate că nu.

Scriam aici, cu mai mult timp în urmă, despre moștenirea anilor ’80 și includeam evenimentul care ar fi putut să schimbe istoria, anunțata fuziune la rece (1989). Acum, un inginer italian, Andrea Rossi, vinde centrale despre care (se) susține că funcționează pe baza unei reacții de fuziune nucleară la temperatura ambiantă. În urma reacției s-ar degaja căldură care poate fi folosită ca atare sau (precum în centralele nucleare clasice) pentru a pune în mișcare turbine cu abur capabile să genereze electricitate.

Scrie în articolul (pro; dar pe înțeles) pentru care pun link-ul, că poți obține 1kWh cu 1 cent pentru centrale de dimensiuni mai mari și ar fi oricum fără rival și la dimensiuni domestice. Bagi pudră de nichel (reciclabilă în proporție de 90%, se afirmă)  și hidrogen, un fir de curent electric pentru a acționa niște pompe și… ai terminat dominația corporațiilor. Da, aici e problema. Acesta ar fi game changer-ul, spaima cămătarilor, sfîrșitul istoriei, dar nu cum vroia scribul globalist Fukuyama. Centrale nucleare de casă, căldură și electricitate generate fără nevoia rețelelor și dependenței de sistem, practic fără deșeuri sau poluare.

E posibil, s-a realizat deja ? Interesul să nu fie așa e enorm.
Dar dacă s-a întîmplat și ei nu pot opri proliferarea ?
Game changer ?

Îmi place abordarea: Vrei să studiezi aparatul? Cumpără-l și studiază sănătos, indiferent dacă ești mare universitate. Ține cumva loc de patentare, o formă de recunoaștere contractuală între părți, fără umbra monstrului științific-industrial care detestă încercările de acest gen.

Like Wright brothers, Rossi ahead of his time

A test of Andrea Rossi’s 1-megawatt cold-fusion plant was successfully carried out by the engineers and scientists of his first customer at Bologna, Italy, on Oct. 28, 2011.
It produced 470 kW of continuous heat for five and a half hours with no input of electricity beyond that required by the two small water-circulating pumps for the heat exchanger. While the system is capable of 1 megawatt output, it is not stable at higher outputs without some electric input. The customer chose to go with the lower level that didn’t require any power input.

Nearly half a megawatt output with no energy input is a staggering success for a system that is still at the model T Ford stage of development. Engineer Rossi developed and built his invention using his own money. For comparison, billions of dollars have been spent on hot-fusion research that has still to generate a net gain in energy.
The 1 megawatt plant consists of 100 modules, each module containing 3 E-Cats (energy catalyzers) that heat water to produce steam. The fuel is a small amount of powdered nickel and hydrogen, that together with a proprietary catalyst, produce heat by LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reaction) after being heated to the ignition temperature. It seems that some of the nickel is transmuted to copper and the mass difference is converted to energy. Twenty two pounds of nickel powder and 40 pounds of hydrogen, distributed over these small 300cc reactors, are sufficient for half a year’s operation at full power. Ninety percent of the nickel can be recycled afterward. The E-Cat does not use radioactive materials nor make radioactive waste. There is no measurable increase in radiation near the device because it produces very little and is shielded by lead. It has no waste products except for the nickel that can be recycled.
While 1 megawatt plants are available for sale now, Mr. Rossi says progress is faster than expected, such that the domestic version with an output of 10 kW of heat will be approved for use by autumn of this year. Also, it will be possible to retrofit them for power generation of 3 kWh. A larger version connected to a turbine and generator should produce electricity at less than 1 cent/kWh. Compare this with solar power at 25 cents/kWh, wind turbines at 18 cents/kWh or natural gas at 8 cents/kWh.
Cold fusion was dismissed following the Fleischmann and Pons debacle of 1989 because their experiment was hard to duplicate, was not reliably repeatable and produced only a little extra heat. Since then, heat from cold fusion (or the more accurate term LENR) has been demonstrated many times and reported in peer reviewed journals. The Department of Energy has been a leader in denying this discovery and has influenced the U.S. Patent Office to not even consider any patent related to this field. Some speculate hot-fusion physicists reviewing this were influenced by knowing the billions in grants for hot fusion research would end should cold fusion be proved. The latest ITER Tokomak hot-fusion power experiment is expected to cost $19 billion and even when completed will not produce usable power. The fact remains, DoE has set back research in this country by 20 years and Mr. Rossi is unable to get patent protection here.
The story is reminiscent of the Wright brothers. Two bicycle mechanics making a flying machine that academia said was impossible. Small wonder the media ignored reports of them flying for two years. Engineer Rossi has apparently discovered how to get large amounts of power from this safe nuclear process. Leading scientists scoff because there is no accepted theory to explain it and he has not published the results in a peer reviewed journal. The media has largely ignored the half-dozen demonstrations over nearly a year.
Everyone seems to know what Rossi should do to get the E-Cat accepted. But if they know, why haven’t they already done it? LENR is proven beyond all doubt. Fighting an entrenched academia that will not listen is not easy. Rossi, forced to keep the design proprietary due to lack of patent protection, has decided that the best way is to sell commercial units and let the market provide the proof. The E-Cat, or its sibling Defkalion’s Hyperion, is either a cruel illusion or will truly change the world.
If every house can make its own heat and power, central power stations and both the gas and electric grids will see dramatic reductions in sales. Subsidized green power solutions like wind and solar will end almost overnight. Global warming will no longer be a problem, if it ever was. Trains and trucks will be powered by LENR, followed closely by automobiles. They will only need refueling every six months at nominal cost.
by Adrian Ashfield
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  • bogdan  On 10 ianuarie 2012 at 22:14

    Tare. Sper ca ăsta să fie viitorul.

  • Draghi Puterity  On 12 ianuarie 2012 at 14:13

    Interesanta pare si transmutarea in cupru. Nu stiu daca cantitatile despre care s-ar putea vorbi in cazul generalizarii solutiei ar avea o pondere relevanta, insa pretul cuprului e in crestere.

    Probabil insa cel mai important lucru va fi ca odata demonstrata practic existenta reactiilor nucleare la energii reduse (pe undeva de asteptat in mod intuitiv, avant in vedere va la nivel cuantic avem mereu un „jitter” si tot ce trebuie facut e „doar” sa crestem modificam niste probabilitati) vor aparea teorii si modele care sa le explice, iar acestea la randul lor vor duce la cresterea eficientei instalatiilor si eventual la aparitia unor noi tehnologii.

    Mi-am adus aminte de Mr. Fusion din Back into the Future 😉

  • conumishu  On 12 ianuarie 2012 at 20:42

    Eu din zona alchimiei nu am facut clic decit la pilele/bateriile alchimice, cu radacini, se pare, in antichitate. Piatra filozofala ar fi o extensie logica a acestora, transmutarea reprezentind un produs derivat. Banuiesc ca transmutarea la energii joase ar putea fi mai ieftina decit cea de la mari energii (care s-a infaptuit, dar la costuri fabulos superioare valorii atomilor de aur obtinuti), totusi nu prea cred ca ar renta. Sau renteaza insa trebuie sa treaca mult timp si obtii cantitati mici (ar fi cazul ideal, altfel dam in mitul lui Midas, autodistructiv).

    Ar mira pe cineva genialitatea naturii daca am descoperi, investigind fuziunea la energii joase, ca vom intilni o bariera de siguranta care ne-ar putea impiedica sa ne aruncam in aer, voit sau accidental?

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